Enforcement of Trademark Rights in Ethiopia: Provisional Measures, Civil Remedies, and Criminal Sanctions

Ethiopia has recently seen numerous cases of trademark infringements, emerging across various sectors. International brands face significant challenges and legal battles as they strive to protect their trademarks in this dynamic landscape. In our article, “Enforcement of Trademark Rights in Ethiopia: Provisional Measures, Civil Remedies, and Criminal Sanctions,” we explore into the detailed list of enforcement mechanisms available in Ethiopia. We examine the critical provisional measures, robust civil remedies, and stringent criminal sanctions designed to uphold trademark rights. Additionally, we explore essential customs measures aimed at safeguarding your valuable intellectual property. Discover the complexities and triumphs of navigating trademark enforcement in Ethiopia and arm yourself with the knowledge to protect your brand effectively.

In today’s global marketplace, safeguarding your trademark rights is essential to preserving your reputation and revenue. Ethiopia has witnessed numerous cases of trademark infringement across various sectors, ranging from Consumer Goods, Hospitality, Food and Beverage. Here are some example cases, Intercontinental Hotels Group (IHG) Vs Intercontinental Addis, Seven Seas Vs Seven Seas, Starbucks Vs Kaldis Logo, Crown Hotel Vs International Crowne Plaza Hotels & Resort, In-N-Out Burger vs In-Joy Burger.

These cases illustrate the challenges and legal battles faced by international brands in protecting their trademarks in Ethiopia. Thus, ensuring that your brand remains protected from infringement requires understanding the legal mechanisms of Enforcement of Trademark Rights in Ethiopia. This article discusses about the enforcement of trademark rights in Ethiopia, focusing on provisional measures, civil remedies, and criminal sanctions. We also explore customs measures to safeguard your intellectual property.


Swift Court Orders: The court is empowered to order prompt and effective provisional measures for Enforcement of Trademark Rights in Ethiopia:

  • Prevent Infringement: Stopping potential infringements before they occur, particularly by preventing the entry of infringing goods through customs.
  • Preserve Evidence: Ensuring relevant evidence is secured to support claims of infringement.

Ex-Parte Orders: In urgent cases, the court can issue provisional measures for enforcement of Trademark Rights in Ethiopia, without summoning the defendant. This is particularly important when:

  • Irreparable Harm: Any delay could cause significant harm to the trademark owner.
  • Risk of Evidence Destruction: There is a high chance that evidence might be destroyed.

Temporary Injunctions: Trademark owners can request temporary injunctions to prevent ongoing infringement until the case is resolved. When deciding on these injunctions, the court considers:

  • Irreparable Harm vs. Damages: Whether the potential harm can be compensated by damages.
  • Threat Imminence: The proximity of the threat.
  • Case Strength: The prima facie strength of the action.
  • Balance of Harms: The potential prejudice to both parties.

Safeguards for Defendants: If provisional measures are granted without the defendant’s presence, they must be notified promptly. The defendant has the right to a review to decide if the measures should be modified, revoked, or confirmed. If the provisional measures are later found unjustified, the applicant must compensate the defendant for any harm caused.


Court Powers: In cases of trademark infringement, the court can:

  • Issue Injunctions: To stop the defendant from continuing the infringement.
  • Award Damages: Compensating the trademark owner for losses.

Calculating Damages: Compensation can be based on:

  • Net Profit: The profit the defendant made from using the trademark.
  • Royalty Rates: The amount the defendant would have paid under a license agreement, plus expenses incurred by the claimant.

Attributing Profits: All profits from the sale of infringing goods are attributed to the trademark use unless the defendant proves other market factors contributed.


Intentional Violations: Individuals who intentionally infringe on trademark rights face rigorous Imprisonment: Between 5 to 10 years.

Gross Negligence: For those who infringe through gross negligence, penalties include rigorous Imprisonment: Between 1 to 5 years.

Additional Penalties: Penalties may also involve the seizure, forfeiture, and destruction of infringing goods and materials used in the offense.


Seizure and Detention: The Customs Authority can seize and detain goods suspected of trademark infringement based on a written application and sufficient evidence from the trademark owner.

Notification and Legal Action: Once goods are seized, the Customs Authority must inform both the applicant and the goods’ owner. If the applicant fails to obtain a court injunction within ten working days, the goods will be released.

Protecting your trademark is critical for maintaining your brand’s integrity and value. Understanding the available legal measures—from provisional court orders to severe criminal penalties and customs interventions—equips you to safeguard your intellectual property effectively. Always stay informed and proactive in enforcing your trademark rights to prevent and combat infringement.

If you have questions or comments or need representation, please don’t hesitate to get in touch with us.